October 31, 2023
Kidney Stone Management: Causes, Prevention, and Treatment Options at Priapus Medical

Kidney stones are a painful and, unfortunately, common urological issue that affects millions of individuals worldwide. These hard, crystalline deposits form in the kidneys and can cause severe discomfort and complications if left untreated. At Priapus Medical in Surrey, BC, our board-certified urologists, Dr. Cal Andreou and Dr. Dinesh Samarasekera, have over 30 combined years of experience in treating kidney stones with confidentiality, empathy, and respect. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive care to help patients understand the causes and preventive measures of kidney stones, as well as the various treatment options available to address this condition.

In this educational article, we will explore the risk factors and causes of kidney stone formation, discuss effective prevention strategies, and outline the range of advanced treatment approaches available at Priapus Medical. By understanding the underlying causes and available preventative measures, you can take a proactive role in managing your urological health and reduce your risk of developing kidney stones in the future. 

The Causes and Risk Factors of Kidney Stones

Several factors contribute to the formation of kidney stones, including dietary habits, medical conditions, and genetics. Understanding these risk factors can help you take proactive steps in preventing kidney stones. Some common causes and risk factors include:

1. Dehydration

Insufficient fluid intake, particularly water, can lead to highly concentrated urine, allowing minerals to crystallize and form stones.

2. High Sodium Diet

A diet high in sodium can increase calcium levels in urine, leading to calcium stone development, the most common type of kidney stone.

3. Oxalate Rich Foods

High consumption of oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, beets, and nuts can lead to the formation of calcium oxalate stones.

4. Medical Conditions

Certain medical conditions, including inflammatory bowel disease, gout, and recurrent urinary tract infections, can increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

Effective Prevention Strategies

Taking a proactive approach to prevent kidney stone formation involves adopting healthy habits that promote optimal urological health. Some effective prevention strategies include:

1. Stay Hydrated

Drinking ample fluids, particularly water, helps dilute urine and prevents the formation of kidney stones. Aim for at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day.

2. Limit Sodium Intake

Reducing sodium intake lowers calcium levels in urine, decreasing the risk of calcium stone formation. Opt for low-sodium alternatives and season food with herbs and spices instead of salt.

3. Consume Oxalate-Rich Foods in Moderation

By moderating your consumption of oxalate-rich foods and increasing calcium intake, you can help prevent calcium oxalate stones.

4. Maintain a Balanced Diet

A well-rounded diet rich in fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains contributes to overall urological health and reduces the risk of kidney stones.

Kidney Stone Diagnosis and Treatment Options at Priapus Medical

If you suspect you have a kidney stone, it’s crucial to consult with a qualified urologist for proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment. At Priapus Medical in Surrey, BC, our expert urologists offer various advanced treatment options alongside personalized care, including:

1. Medication

Depending on the type of kidney stone, your urologist may prescribe medications that contribute to stone dissolution and aid in passing stones naturally.

2. Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

A non-invasive procedure, ESWL uses high-energy shock waves to break kidney stones into small fragments, facilitating their natural passage through the urinary tract.

3. Ureteroscopy

This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible scope called a ureteroscope into the ureter to locate and remove small stones or break larger stones into fragments.

4. Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

For larger kidney stones or those in challenging locations, PCNL involves making a small incision in the back and inserting a nephroscope to remove the stones directly from the kidney.

Embracing a Collaborative Approach for Long-term Kidney Stone Management

Managing kidney stones often requires ongoing communication and collaboration with your urologist. By tracking your progress, making necessary lifestyle and dietary adjustments, and following treatment plans closely, you can reduce your risk of recurrence and maintain optimal urological health. The experienced urologists at Priapus Medical in Surrey, BC, are dedicated to providing continuous guidance and support on your path to kidney stone prevention and management.

Regain Control Over Your Urological Health with Priapus Medical

Understanding the causes, prevention strategies, and advanced treatment options for kidney stones allows you to take control of your urological health by minimizing your risk and managing existing stones effectively. The team of highly experienced urologists at Priapus Medical in Surrey, BC, are committed to offering personalized care to ensure your urological well-being is prioritized. Trust the experts at Priapus Medical to support you in your kidney stone management journey, empowering you to live a healthy, stone-free life. Contact our urology clinic today.