October 17, 2023
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH): Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment Options

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), commonly known as an enlarged prostate, is a non-cancerous condition that affects many men, particularly as they grow older. It can cause urinary symptoms that interfere with daily life and may impact overall quality of life. At Priapus Medical, our board-certified urologists, Dr. Cal Andreou and Dr. Dinesh Samarasekera, have over 30 combined years of experience treating men in British Columbia with confidentiality, empathy, and respect. Our team is dedicated to providing personalized, effective solutions to address BPH and help patients regain control over their well-being.

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the causes and symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), as well as the various treatment options available at Priapus Medical. Understanding this condition’s details and the options available for management and treatment is critical in ensuring optimal urological health. Priapus Medical serves the Surrey, BC community, offering high-quality, individualized care to those affected by BPH or other urological concerns.

Trust our team of expert urologists at Priapus Medical to provide you with the information, guidance, and care you need to address Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia effectively and confidently. Prioritizing your urological health is essential to maintaining overall well-being and quality of life, and our team is committed to supporting you throughout your journey to regaining control over your health.

Understanding the Causes of BPH

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), a condition characterized by an enlarged prostate, affects many men as they age, leading to a range of urinary symptoms and impairing overall quality of life. The exact causes of BPH are not yet fully understood; however, certain factors may contribute to the development of an enlarged prostate. These factors include:

1. Age

BPH is more common in men over 50 years old, and the incidence increases with age, affecting approximately 50% of men between the ages of 51 and 60 and up to 90% in men older than 80.

2. Hormonal Imbalance

Changes in hormone levels, particularly a decrease in testosterone production and an increase in estrogen are believed to play a role in BPH development.

3. Genetics

Men with a family history of BPH are at a higher risk of developing the condition, suggesting a genetic predisposition.

4. Lifestyle Factors

Certain lifestyle factors, such as obesity, may contribute to developing BPH, with research suggesting that men with higher body mass indexes (BMIs) are more prone to enlarged prostate issues.

Recognizing the Symptoms of BPH

  1. The symptoms of BPH can vary in severity and may change over time. Typical symptoms associated with BPH include:

1. Frequent Urination

Men with BPH may experience an increased need to urinate throughout the day and night, disrupting daily routines and sleep patterns.

2. Weak or Interrupted Urine Flow

An enlarged prostate can cause pressure on the urethra, leading to difficulty starting and maintaining a steady urine stream.

3. Straining to Urinate

BPH can result in straining during urination as the prostate obstructs the flow of urine through the urethra.

4. Incomplete Emptying of the Bladder

Men with BPH might have the sensation that they are unable to empty their bladders entirely, leading to increased discomfort and risk of infection.

BPH Treatment Options at Priapus Medical

Depending on the severity of symptoms and individual needs, the expert urologists at Priapus Medical provide a wide range of treatment options, including:

1. Watchful Waiting

For men with mild symptoms, a conservative approach involving regular monitoring by a urologist may be sufficient to manage BPH effectively.

2. Medications

Various medications can help alleviate BPH symptoms, including alpha-blockers, which relax prostate and bladder muscles, and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors, which reduce the size of the prostate gland by blocking hormone production.

3. Minimally Invasive Procedures

In some cases, minimally invasive procedures may be recommended to address BPH, such as laser therapy, which uses concentrated light energy to shrink prostate tissue, or transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT), which uses microwave heat to eliminate excess prostate tissue.

4. Surgery

When medications and minimally invasive treatments are insufficient in relieving symptoms, surgical intervention may be necessary, such as transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) or prostatectomy.

The Role of Lifestyle Modifications in BPH Management

Alongside medical treatments, implementing lifestyle changes can help manage BPH symptoms and enhance overall urological health. These changes can include:

1. Regular Exercise

Maintaining a healthy weight by exercising regularly can help reduce pressure on the bladder and decrease the risk of BPH.

2. Balanced Diet

Consuming a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, while limiting processed foods, may help maintain optimal prostate health.

3. Reducing Fluid Intake Before Bed

Reducing fluid intake in the evening can help lessen the need for nighttime urination, ensuring a more restful sleep.

Taking Control of Your Urological Health with Priapus Medical

Understanding the causes, symptoms, and available treatments for BPH is essential in taking control of your urological health and well-being. The expert urologists at Priapus Medical in Surrey, BC, are dedicated to providing the comprehensive care and support needed for effective BPH management.

By exploring the range of available treatment options, monitoring symptoms, and making lifestyle adjustments, you can confidently address BPH and maintain your quality of life. Trust the board-certified urology professionals at Priapus Medical to prioritize your health, empowering you to take charge of your urological health journey and achieve optimal well-being.